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Clinical Educators' Empowerment, Job Tension, and Job Satisfaction: A Test of Kanter's Theory

Davies, Mary-Anne MScN, RN; Spence Laschinger, Heather K. PhD, RN; Andrusyszyn, Mary-Anne EdD, RN

Journal for Nurses in Staff Development (JNSD): March-April 2006 - Volume 22 - Issue 2 - p 78-86
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Recruitment and retention of qualified nursing staff are vital to safe patient care and require the expertise of clinical educators to facilitate the nurses' professional development. However, organizational redesign has challenged clinical educators with role ambiguity, job stress, and decreased job satisfaction. This study used Kanter's Structural Theory of Organizational Behavior to examine the relationships between clinical educators' perceptions of empowerment, job tension, and job satisfaction. High levels of workplace empowerment were significantly related to low levels of job tension. In addition, the combination of high levels of empowerment and low levels of job tension was predictive of high levels of job satisfaction. Implications for staff development administrators are discussed.

This study used Kanter's Structural Theory of Organizational Behavior to examine the relationships between clinical educators' perceptions of empowerment, job tension, and job satisfaction.

Mary-Anne Davies, MScN, RN, is Patient Safety Specialist, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.

Heather K. Spence Laschinger, PhD, RN, is Professor and Associate Director, Nursing Research, School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Mary-Anne Andrusyszyn, EdD, RN, is Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

ADDRESS FOR REPRINTS: Mary-Anne Davies, 63 Westwinds Drive, London, Ontario, Canada N6C 5M5 (e-mail: Maryanne.davies@lhsc.on.ca).

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.