Inflammation is associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). We evaluated the relationship between postoperative neutrophil-to-albumin ratio (NAR) and unfavorable clinical outcomes (modified Rankin score ≥ 3) at hospital discharge in aSAH patients.
Five hundred sixty aSAH patients undergoing surgical or endovascular treatment were included in this retrospective study. Patients were initially allocated to high (n=247) or low (n=313) postoperative NAR groups based on the immediate postoperative NAR cutoff value identified by receiver operating characteristic analysis, and then further subclassified into 4 groups: HH (high pre- and high postoperative NAR, n=156), LH (low preoperative and high postoperative NAR, n=91), HL (high preoperative and low postoperative NAR, n=68), and low pre- and low postoperative NAR (n=245).
Optimum cutoff values of immediate postoperative and preoperative NAR were 2.45 and 2.09, respectively. Unfavorable clinical outcomes were more frequent in patients with high compared with low postoperative NAR (45.3% vs. 13.4%; P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, postoperative NAR was a significant predictor of unfavorable clinical outcomes (odds ratio, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.42-3.10; P < 0.001). Unfavorable clinical outcomes were less frequent in group low pre- and low postoperative NAR than in groups HH, LH, and HL (9.4% vs. 44.9%, 46.2% and 27.9%, respectively; all P < 0.001) and also in Group HL compared with groups HH and LH (P=0.026 and P=0.030); clinical outcomes did not differ between Groups HH and LH.
A high immediate postoperative NAR was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes at hospital discharge in aSAH patients.