Paquin-Lanthier, Gabriel MD, FRCPC*; Subramaniam, Sudhakar MBBS, DA*; Leong, Kok Weng MD, M.Anaes*; Daniels, Abigail MBChB, DA*; Singh, Kawalpreet MD*; Takami, Hirokazu MD, PhD†; Chowdhury, Tumul MD, DM, FRCPC*; Bernstein, Mark MD, MHSc, FRCS(C)†; Venkatraghavan, Lashmi MD, FRCA, FRCPC*
*Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management
†Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Supported by the Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto.
Preliminary results from this study have been presented at the following conferences: Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society (CAS) Virtual Annual Meeting, June 19-22, 2020. Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care (SNACC) Virtual Annual Meeting, September 11-13, 2020.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Address correspondence to: Lashmi Venkatraghavan, MD, FRCA, FRCPC. E-mail: [email protected].