Hyperglycemia is common among patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. We studied the effects of intensive blood glucose control among AIS patients presenting with hyperglycemia treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT).
We analyzed publicly available data from the Stroke Hyperglycemia Insulin Network Effort trial. In this nonpreplanned secondary analysis, we compared hyperglycemic AIS patients treated with MT who received intensive blood glucose control (80 to 130 mg/dL) with those who received standard blood glucose control (80 to 179 mg/dL). Outcomes included rates of favorable 90-day outcome (modified Rankin Scale score ≤2) and death.
This analysis included 146 patients (74 in the intensive treatment group and 72 in the standard treatment group). Intensive blood glucose was not associated with higher rates of 90-day favorable outcomes (intensive 31.1% vs. standard 30.6%, P=1.0; odds ratio 1.025, 95% confidence interval 0.51 to 2.07) or a decrease in rates of death (intensive 20.3% vs. standard 22.2%, P=0.84; odds ratio 0.98, 95% confidence interval 0.40 to 1.97).
Intensive blood glucose control among AIS patients presenting with hyperglycemia and treated with MT was not associated with lower rates of death or higher rates of long-term favorable outcomes when compared with standard treatment.