Review ArticlesNeuroanesthesiology UpdatePasternak, Jeffrey J. MDAuthor Information Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN The author has no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. Address correspondence to: Jeffrey J. Pasternak, MD, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Avenue SW, Rochester, MN 55905 (e-mail: [email protected]). Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: April 2019 - Volume 31 - Issue 2 - p 178-198 doi: 10.1097/ANA.0000000000000581 Buy Metrics Abstract This review provides a summary of the literature pertaining to the perioperative care of neurosurgical patients and patients with neurological diseases. General topics addressed in this review include general neurosurgical considerations, stroke, traumatic brain injury, neuromonitoring, neurotoxicity, and perioperative disorders of cognitive function. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.