The History of Neuroanesthesiology: The People, Pursuits, and PracticesLanier, William L. MDJournal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: October 2012 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 - p 281–299 doi: 10.1097/ANA.0b013e3182697743 Special Articles Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Neuroanesthesiology has a rich history. Although advances in research and clinical practice were cornerstones for the development of this field, other equally critical factors came into play. These include the development of subspecialty societies, formal dissemination of information through textbooks and journal publications, and, most importantly, strong leadership. This article reviews important advances within the subspecialty and many individuals behind those advances. The analysis and speculative synthesis provide insights into the current status of neuroanesthesiology and possible directions for the subspecialty's future. Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN The author has no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose. Reprints: William L. Lanier, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Received July 10, 2012 Accepted July 12, 2012 © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.