PANDA Symposium ProceedingsReport of the Third PANDA Symposium on “Anesthesia and Neurodevelopment in Children”Miller, Tonya L.K. MD, FAAP*,†; Park, Raymond MD†; Sun, Lena S. MD‡Author Information *Department of Anesthesiology, Harvard Medical School †Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA ‡Department of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY Supported by the New York-Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital (MS-CHONY) and the Department of Anesthesiology of Columbia University. The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose. Reprints: Lena S. Sun, MD, Department of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, CH 4-440 North, 622 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032 (e-mail: [email protected]). Received July 16, 2012 Accepted July 16, 2012 Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: October 2012 - Volume 24 - Issue 4 - p 357-361 doi: 10.1097/ANA.0b013e318271f144 Buy Metrics Abstract The Pediatric Anesthesia and NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) Project team organized its third biennial scientific symposium on “Anesthesia and Neurodevelopment in Children” at the Children's Hospital of New York on April 21, 2012. The event was co-sponsored by the New York-Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital (MS-CHONY) and the Department of Anesthesiology of Columbia University. The day-long program included updates of recent research in anesthetic neurotoxicity in the developing brain from preclinical studies to clinical and patient-oriented outcome research. It also provided a forum for discussion among many different stakeholders in this important public health issue. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.