Review ArticleNeuroanesthesiology UpdatePasternak, Jeffrey J. MD; Lanier, William L. MDAuthor Information Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Rochester, MN Reprints: Jeffrey J. Pasternak, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Avenue SW, Rochester, MN 55905 (e-mail: [email protected]). Received for publication January 4, 2010; accepted January 6, 2010 Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: April 2010 - Volume 22 - Issue 2 - p 86-109 doi: 10.1097/ANA.0b013e3181d2ef96 Buy Metrics Abstract Recent literature contains many reports of value to clinicians providing anesthetic or intensive care for neurosurgical patients or patients experiencing, or at risk for, neurological impairment. We will review many of these articles, focusing on those that address intracranial hemorrhage, intracranial procedures, carotid endarterectomy, spine surgery, and the determinants of outcome in patients with evolving or new-onset neurologic disease. Additionally, we will review articles addressing neurotoxicity, neuroprotection, and nervous system monitoring. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.