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Clinical Investigations

Postoperative and Preincisional Electrical Nerve Stimulation TENS Reduce Postoperative Opioid Requirement After Major Spinal Surgery

Unterrainer, Axel Friedrich MD, DEAA; Friedrich, Catrin MD; Krenn, Michael H. MD; Piotrowski, Wolfgang P. MD; Golaszewski, Stefan M. MD; Hitzl, Wolfgang PhD

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Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology: January 2010 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - p 1-5
doi: 10.1097/ANA.0b013e3181b7fef5
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© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.