ORIGINAL ARTICLES: PDF OnlyA Study of Role Stress, Organizational Commitment and Intention to Quit Among Male Nurses in Southern TaiwanLou, Jiunn-Horng; Yu, Hsing-Yi*; Hsu, Hsiu-Yueh**; Dai, Hung-Da***Author Information RN, MHS, Instructor, Department of Early Childhood Care & Director of Personnel Office, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management; *RN, MSN, Instructor, Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management & Doctoral Student, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University; **RN, DNSc., Associate Professor & Director, Graduate Institute of Health Care, Meiho Institute of Technology; ***RN, MSN, Assistant Head Nurse, Taipei Veterans General Hospital & Doctoral Student, School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University. Received: April 24, 2006 Revised: October 24, 2006 Accepted: January 3, 2007 Address correspondence to: Hsiu-Yueh Hsu, No. 23, Ping Kuang Rd., Neipu Rural Township, Pingtung County 91202, Taiwan, ROC. Tel: 886(8)779-9821 ext. 300; E-mail: [email protected] Journal of Nursing Research: March 2007 - Volume 15 - Issue 1 - p 43-53 doi: 10.1097/01.JNR.0000387598.40156.d2 Free Metrics Abstract Gender and sex role stereotyping are recognized as having the potential to limit the professional development of males within the nursing profession. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationships between demographic data and the dimensions of role stress, organizational commitment, and intentions to quit among male nurses in southern Taiwan. Research also investigated the correlations with three dependent variables and identified best predictors of male nurse intentions to quit the nursing profession. A total of 91 male nurses volunteered to participate in this cross-sectional research. Research results were based on data collected from questionnaires sent by mail to participants. A total of 76 valid questionnaires were returned and used in analysis (response rate = 83.5%). Findings pointed to patients, colleagues and society as the major sources of role stress for male nurses. These sources of stress, and the resultant intention to quit on the part of male nurses, are due in significant part to the widespread stereotyping of the profession of nursing as a “woman's occupation”. Such stress pressures male nurses to consider quitting to take jobs in other professional fields. Role stress is correlated to intention to quit among male nurses. Role stress and years of service are highly relevant predictors of male nurse intention to quit and leave the nursing profession, explaining 33.8% of variability. We suggest that at various levels of education and society, promotion of male and female equality should be increased. There is also a need for psychological consultation as well as the promotion of male nurse role models to prevent male nurses turning away from nursing careers. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.