ORIGINAL ARTICLES: PDF OnlyThe Effects of Group Reminiscence Therapy on Depression, Self Esteem, and Life Satisfaction of Elderly Nursing Home ResidentsChao, Shu-Yuan; Liu, Hsing-Yuan*; Wu, Chiu-Yen**; Jin, Suh-Fen***; Chu, Tsung-Lan****; Huang, Tzu-Shin*****; Clark, Mary Jo******Author Information RN, DNSc, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University; *RN, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Technology; **RN, MS, Instructor; ***RN, Head Nurse, Chang Gung Rehabilitation Hospital; ****RN, MSN, Director, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital; *****RN, MSN, Director, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Taoyuan branch; ******RN, PhD, Professor, Hahn School of Nursing and Health Science, University of San Diego. Received: May 4, 2005 Revised: December 30, 2005 Accepted: January 2, 2006 Address correspondence to: Shu-Yuan Chao, No. 34, Chung-Chi Rd. Sec. 1, Sha-Lu Township, Taichung County 43302, Taiwan, ROC. Tel: 886(4)2631-8652 ext. 3081; E-mail: [email protected] Journal of Nursing Research: March 2006 - Volume 14 - Issue 1 - p 36-45 doi: 10.1097/01.JNR.0000387560.03823.c7 Free Metrics Abstract The need to provide quality mental health care for elders in nursing home settings has been a critical issue, as the aging population grows rapidly and institutional care becomes a necessity for some elders. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to describe the effect of participation in reminiscence group therapy on older nursing home residents' depression, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants who met the study criteria. Residents of one ward were assigned to the reminiscence therapy group intervention, while residents of the other ward served as controls. Nine weekly one-hour sessions were designed to elicit reminiscence as group therapy for 12 elders in the experimental group. Another 12 elders were recruited for a control group matched to experimental subjects on relevant criteria. Depression, self-esteem, and life satisfaction were measured one week before and after the therapy. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Version 10.0) was used to analyze data. Results indicated that group reminiscence therapy significantly improved self-esteem, although effects on depression and life satisfaction were not significant. Reminiscence groups could enhance elders' social interaction with one another in nursing home settings and become support groups for participants. The model we created here can serve as a reference for future application in institutional care. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.