ORIGINAL RESEARCH: PDF OnlyFrail Elders' Views of Tai ChiChen, Kuei-Min; Chen, Wen-Ting; Wang, Jing-Ji; Huang, Min-FengAuthor Information RN, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Fooyin University; *RN, MSN, Instructor; **RN, MSN, Instructor, Department of Nursing, Yuanpei Institute of Science and Technology. Received: October 5, 2004 Revised: November 10, 2004 Accepted: January 19, 2005 Address correspondence to: Kuei-Min Chen, No. 151, Chin-Hsueh Rd., Ta-Liao Township, Kaohsiung County 83102, Taiwan, ROC. Tel: 886(7)781-1151 ext. 435; Fax: 886(7)782-1845; E-mail: [email protected] Journal of Nursing Research: March 2005 - Volume 13 - Issue 1 - p 11-20 Free Abstract The beneficial effects of Tai Chi on an elder's well-being have been well documented; however, not many frail elders practice it. The purpose of this descriptive study was to explore the perspectives frail elders have about Tai Chi, including its movements, practice frequency and duration, and practice preferences. Using focus groups, 40 frail elders who lived in long-term care facilities were interviewed. Results indicated that Tai Chi styles with slow and large motions were manageable. Subjects preferred to practice Tai Chi in a group of 10 to 20 people, twice a week with 31 to 60 minutes of practice in the early morning or in the afternoon after napping. The practice locations should be wide, flat, non-disturbed, and well-ventilated. Tai Chi instructors should be experienced, gentle, considerate, and have clarity in expression. Findings can be used to design a simple Tai Chi program that is specifically tailored to the needs of frail elders. Copyright © 2005 by the Taiwan Nurses Association.