ORIGINAL: PDF OnlyPerceived Enactment of Autonomy and Related Factors Among EldersHwang, Huei-Lih; Lin, Huey-Shyan*Author Information MEd, Instructor, Department of Nursing, Fooyin University; *MS, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing Management, Fooyin University. Received: July 17, 2003 Revised: September 22, 2003 Accepted: September 29, 2003 Address correspondence to: Huei-Lih Hwang, No. 151, Chin-Hsueh Rd., Ta-Liao, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan, ROC. Tel: 886(7)781-1151 ext. 313; E-mail: [email protected] Journal of Nursing Research: December 2003 - Volume 11 - Issue 4 - p 277-286 doi: 10.1097/01.JNR.0000347647.58122.79 Free Metrics Abstract This study aims to investigate the perceived enactment of autonomy (PEA) of Chinese elders as well as its relationship to other variables, such as morale, life satisfaction, need for assistance, subjective overall health status, etc. Selected demographic attributes (gender, age, living arrangements, etc.) were also examined for their relationship to PEA. A purposive sample of 324 subjects over 64 years old was recruited from homes and long-term care facilities in southern Taiwan. A Chinese version of the PEA scale (PEA-CV) and the Revised Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (R-PGCMS) were used to measure PEA and morale. Data were analyzed using SPSS/PC software version 10.0. The results show that these elders had high perceived enactment of autonomy (mean = 2.99). Through multiple regression analysis, these results also revealed that need for daily living assistance, type of living arrangement, scores for morale and marital status significantly affected perceived enactment of autonomy among Chinese elders. The results suggest that we should help elders recognize possible choices, respect the choices they have made, advocate elders' autonomy while providing assistance, and design appropriate activities for them so that they gain a sense of freedom, individuality and independence. Directions for future studies are suggested. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.