Secondary Logo

Journal Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Effect of a Passive Intervention on Carers of Stroke Survivors During the Early Poststroke Period

Gaio, Marina; Buoite Stella, Alex; Furlanis, Giovanni; Naccarato, Marcello; Stefi, Diego; Manganotti, Paolo

Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: December 2019 - Volume 51 - Issue 6 - p 299–304
doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000475
Clinical Nursing Focus
Buy

BACKGROUND Care partners of stroke survivors are often characterized by high burden levels and depression. Passive and active interventions have been proposed to help reduce burden and depression. The aim of this quality improvement report was to evaluate the effects of a single passive intervention on reported burden and depression in carers of stroke survivors.

METHODS A quality improvement report was conducted on carers who participated in a short passive intervention (n = 56) and a control group (n = 44). The Family Strain Questionnaire–Short Form (FSQ-SF) and the Beck Depression Inventory II were administered in both groups at patients' admission and before discharge, with the intervention taking place between the 2 data collection periods.

RESULTS No significant difference between groups was observed in FSQ-SF score and prevalence of depression at admission and in FSQ-SF at discharge. However, compared with admission, FSQ-SF at discharge was significantly reduced only in the intervention group (pre: 14, and interquartile range, 12–15; post: 9, and interquartile range, 9–13; P < .01). Moreover, a smaller proportion of carers classified as “depression” was found at discharge in the intervention group compared with controls (4% vs 28%, respectively; P < .01).

CONCLUSION Results encourage the development and use of short passive intervention to reduce burden and depression in care partners of stroke survivors.

Marina Gaio, RN, Clinical Unit of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University Hospital and Health Services of Trieste, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Giovanni Furlanis, MD, Clinical Unit of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University Hospital and Health Services of Trieste, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Marcello Naccarato, MD PhD, Clinical Unit of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University Hospital and Health Services of Trieste, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Diego Stefi, RN, Clinical Unit of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University Hospital and Health Services of Trieste, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Paolo Manganotti, MD PhD, Clinical Unit of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University Hospital and Health Services of Trieste, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Alex Buoite Stella, PhD, at abuoitestella@units.it. Clinical Unit of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Health Sciences, University Hospital and Health Services of Trieste, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

The study was designed by M.G., A.B.S., D.S., and P.M.; data were collected and analyzed by M.G., A.B.S., and G.F.; data interpretation and draft preparation were undertaken by M.G., A.B.S., G.F., M.N., D.S., and P.M. All authors approved the final version of the article.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Online date: October 16, 2019

© 2019 American Association of Neuroscience Nurses