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Virtual Reality and Cognitive Rehabilitation in People With Stroke

An Overview

Maggio, Maria Grazia; Latella, Desirèe; Maresca, Giuseppa; Sciarrone, Francesca; Manuli, Alfredo; Naro, Antonino; De Luca, Rosaria; Calabrò, Rocco Salvatore

Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: April 2019 - Volume 51 - Issue 2 - p 101–105
doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000423
Literature Review
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ABSTRACT Objective: This review evaluates the use of virtual reality (VR) tools in cognitive rehabilitation of stroke-affected individuals. Methods: Studies performed between 2010 and 2017 that fulfilled inclusion criteria were selected from PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, and Web of Sciences databases. The search combined the terms “VR,” “rehabilitation,” and “stroke.” Results: Stroke patients experienced significant improvement in many cognitive domains (such as executive and visual–spatial abilities and speech, attention, and memory skills) after the use of VR training. Conclusions: Rehabilitation using new VR tools could positively affect stroke patient cognitive outcomes by boosting motivation and participation.

Maria Grazia Maggio, PsyD, is Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina.

Desirèe Latella, PsyD, is Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

Giuseppa Maresca, PsyD, is Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

Francesca Sciarrone, MSc, is Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

Alfredo Manuli, MSc, is Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

Antonino Naro, MD PhD, is Senior Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

Rosaria De Luca, MSc, is Researcher, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, MD PhD, at salbro77@tiscali.it. He is the Head of the Robotic Neurorehab Unit at IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo,” Messina, Italy.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 American Association of Neuroscience Nurses