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Incongruence Between Perceived Long-Term Risk and Actual Risk of Stroke in Rural African Americans

Aycock, Dawn M.; Clark, Patricia C.

Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: February 2016 - Volume 48 - Issue 1 - p 35–41
doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000180
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ABSTRACT: Stroke has increased among young adults. In addition, the accuracy by which African Americans perceive their risk of stroke is unclear. The purpose of the study was to examine the accuracy of perceived stroke risk of African Americans aged 19–54 years. A descriptive-correlational design was used. Accuracy of perceived stroke risk was determined by comparing perceived risk with actual risk. Participants (N = 66) had a mean age of 43.3 (SD = 9.4) years and were mostly female, high school graduates, and unemployed. Most (66%) perceived themselves as having no/low risk of future stroke. However, actual risk factors averaged 2.98 + 1.63 of 8, placing 59% of the sample in the moderate–high category of actual stroke risk. Comparisons of perceived and actual risk showed that 44% underestimated their risk, 47% were accurate, and 9% overestimated their risk. Strategies to address risk misperceptions should be explored to improve accuracy of perceived stroke risk and culturally relevant interventions to reduce stroke among African Americans.

Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Dawn M. Aycock, PhD RN ANP-BC, at daycock@gsu.edu. She is an Assistant Professor, Byrdine F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.

Patricia C. Clark, PhD RN FAHA FAAN, is Professor, Byrdine F. Lewis School of Nursing and Health Professions, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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© 2016 American Association of Neuroscience Nurses