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Chronic Morbidities After Traumatic Brain Injury: An Update for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Bay, Esther H.; Chartier, Kattlynn S.

Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: June 2014 - Volume 46 - Issue 3 - p 142–152
doi: 10.1097/JNN.0000000000000048

Emerging data suggest that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a disease process with considerable long-range morbidities requiring lifelong monitoring and treatment. Multiple chronic morbidities develop across the life span after TBI, including mental health disorders, headaches, seizures, and neuroendocrine imbalances as well as chronic diseases. Still, there has been limited focus on effective guides and strategies for helping persons with TBI meet their chronic health needs as they live with the consequences of TBI. The advanced practice nurse is well positioned to participate collaboratively in practices that promote health screening and chronic disease management after TBI to ameliorate distress and enhance quality of life as persons with TBI live with lifelong consequences.

Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Esther H. Bay, PhD ACNS-BC, at She is a Clinical Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Kattlynn S. Chartier, BSN(c), is a Senior Honors Student, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

This manuscript was authored collaboratively by Esther H. Bay and Kattlyn S. Chartier.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

© 2014 American Association of Neuroscience Nurses