The purpose of this study is to systematically examine the scientific literature and report the biopsychosocial and spiritual aspects of persons with Parkinson disease and their adaptation to the disease, to discuss methodological challenges associated with researching this phenomenon, and to propose future research. Synthesis of the literature will reveal the state of the science on the holistic approach to care in persons with Parkinson disease. An exhaustive review of the English language peer-reviewed literature published from January 1961 to July 2011 was conducted utilizing Academic Search Premier, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Psych Articles, Psych Info, PubMed, Wiley InterScience, the Cochrane Center Register for Control Trials, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, and SpringerLink databases. Ninety studies were reviewed. Although numerous medical studies focusing on pharmacological agents for Parkinson disease are reported, there are gaps in the literature on the biopsychosocial, spiritual, and holistic approaches in Parkinson disease care. More research is needed to examine the biopsychosocial and spiritual aspects of persons with Parkinson disease.
Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Melinda Hermanns, PhD RN BC CNE, at email@example.com. She is an assistant professor at the College of Nursing, University of Texas, Tyler, TX.
Belinda Deal, PhD RN, is an assistant professor at the College of Nursing, University of Texas, Tyler, TX.
Barbara Haas, PhD RN, is a professor and the Director of PhD in Nursing Program at the College of Nursing, University of Texas, Tyler, TX.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.