This study examined the health-related quality of life (HRQL) and overall quality of life (QOL) of family caregivers of stroke survivors to determine changes over time and to identify QOL predictors. Caregivers were interviewed after 1.5 and 2 years of caregiving. The scores on the mental subscales were significantly lower than on the age- and sex-matched population norms. The most important predictors of QOL were the stroke survivor's behavioral disturbances and reintegration into normal patterns of living. Caregivers who reported fewer stroke-survivor behavioral disturbances and well-adjusted reintegration also reported a higher personal QOL. These results highlight the impact of a stroke on the caregiver's HRQL and QOL, even after 2 years, and the importance of interventions for caregivers.
Questions or comments about this article may be directed to Carol L. White, PhD RN, at email@example.com. She is a faculty associate at the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio, TX.
Lise Poissant, PhD BSc (OT), is an assistant professor at Université de Montréal in Montreal, QC, Canada.
Genevieve Coté-LeBlanc, MSc BSc (OT), is a faculty lecturer at McGill University in Montreal.
Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, PhD, is a professor at McGill University in Montreal.
© 2006 American Association of Neuroscience Nurses