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Saw SM, Hong RZ, Zhang MZ, et al. Near-work activity and myopia in rural and urban schoolchildren in China.

Donahue, Sean P. MD, PhD

Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology: March 2002 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - p 60
IN OTHER JOURNALS: III. Myopia, its Progression, and its Association with Night Lighting and Near Work: Ophthalmology Journals

Editor's Note: This section contains brief reviews of articles that have appeared in other journals within the past six months. From a comprehensive list of clinical and scientific medical journals, each reviewer has selected about 30 titles and reviewed the most pertinent articles. The March and September issues will include reviews from ophthalmology medicine and journals; the June and December issues will include reviews from neuroclinical and neuroscience journals.

Saw SM, Hong RZ, Zhang MZ, et al. Near-work activity and myopia in rural and urban schoolchildren in China.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strab 2001;38:149–55.

These authors found results similar to Hepsen, Evereklioglu, and Bayramlar in a study of second-grade children in China. Children in city schools had an average near-work time of 2.2 hours per day and a 19.3% prevalence of myopia, as compared with children in the countryside who had 1.6 hours of near work per day and had a 6.6% rate of myopia. This study also did not control for parental myopia, which is likely to be more prevalent in the parents of educated students and in the Chinese who live in cities. Thus, further study to evaluate each of these conditions is necessary.

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.