The topic of pediatric neurodegenerative disease is broad and ever expanding. Children who suffer from neurodegenerative disease often have concomitant visual dysfunction. Neuro-ophthalmologists may become involved in clinical care to identify corroborating eye findings when a specific condition is suspected, to monitor for disease progression, and in some cases, to assess treatment efficacy. Ophthalmic findings also may be the harbinger of a neurodegenerative process so a keen awareness of the possible manifestations of these conditions is important. The purpose of this review is to highlight common examples of the neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of pediatric neurodegenerative disease using a case-based approach in an effort to provide a framework for approaching these complex patients.
Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Address correspondence to Gena Heidary, MD, PhD, Boston Children's Hospital Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Fegan 4, Boston, MA 02115; E-mail: email@example.com
Presented at the 2016 Joint AAO-AAPOS Symposium entitled, “Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology: Kids aren't Little Adults” on October 16, 2016 in Chicago, Illinois.
The authors report no conflicts of interest.