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Nursing Documentation of Postoperative Pain Management: A Documentary Analysis

Video Author: Shoqirat, Noordeen, PhD; Mahasneh, Deema, PhD, MSc, RGN; Dardas, Latefa, PhD, PMHN; Singh, Charleen, PhD, MSc, RGN, Neuro-SN; Khresheh, Reham, PhD
Published on: 04.12.2019
Associated with: Journal of Nursing Care Quality. 34(3):279-284, July/September 2019

The purpose of this study was to qualitatively analyze nursing documentation of pain management among postoperative patients in Jordan. A documentary analysis method was used. A purposive sample of 80 medical records were reviewed, and a total of 720 nursing records were analyzed. The analysis revealed that nurses' documentation of pain management was limited, vague, incomplete, and largely dependent on their subjective evaluation. There also was little documented evidence of efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of pain management interventions. Dr Shoqirat explains the study in this video, and you can learn more about the study in his article.

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Creator: McNeill, Margaret M. PhD, RN, APRN-CNS, CCRN-K, CCNS, TCRN, CPAN, NE-BC, NHDP-BC, FAAN; Archer, Susan DNP, RN, APRN-CNS, CCRN; Remsburg, Dana MSN, RN, CCRN; Storer, Jill BSN, RN; Rudman, Heather BSN, RN
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Creator: Smith, Catherine V. DNP, RN, CCNS, CCRN; Maduro, Ralitsa S. PhD; Morgan, Merri K. DNP, RN, CCRN; Ver Schneider, Patricia; Rutledge, Carolyn M. PhD, FNP-BC; Zimbro, Kathie S. PhD, RN
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Palliative care (PC) referrals are often underutilized or delayed. To improve referrals, interdisciplinary rounds (IDRs) were implemented on the hospitalist service in a nonintensive care setting. Following implementation, median time to PC referral decreased by 2 days. Length of stay, direct cost, and 30-day mortality also decreased. Postintervention patients were more likely to transition home compared with another facility. Learn about the project in this video and then read the article: You can get CE credits for this article!
Creator: Hedges, Christine, PhD, RN, NE-BC; Hunt, Candice, MHA; Ball, Pamela, BSN, RN, NE-BC
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Creator: Schwartz, Franklin, DNP, APRN, PMHNP-BC; Bjorklund, Pamela, PhD, APRN, PMHNP-BC, CNS-BC
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In this video, the author describes a violence management program that she and her coauthor piloted on a general medical unit following staff requests for measures to protect them from patient and visitor violence. An independent pre/posttest design measured changes in participant knowledge. The Staff Observation Assessment Scale Revised (SOAS-R) was used for data collection on aggression pre- and postimplementation. The violence management training program included in situ simulation training in de-escalation techniques. Knowledge of de-escalation techniques to reduce violence risk increased. In the article the authors share important lessons for ongoing program implementation.
Creator: Shoqirat, Noordeen, PhD; Mahasneh, Deema, PhD, MSc, RGN; Dardas, Latefa, PhD, PMHN; Singh, Charleen, PhD, MSc, RGN, Neuro-SN; Khresheh, Reham, PhD
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The purpose of this study was to qualitatively analyze nursing documentation of pain management among postoperative patients in Jordan. A documentary analysis method was used. A purposive sample of 80 medical records were reviewed, and a total of 720 nursing records were analyzed. The analysis revealed that nurses' documentation of pain management was limited, vague, incomplete, and largely dependent on their subjective evaluation. There also was little documented evidence of efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of pain management interventions. Dr Shoqirat explains the study in this video, and you can learn more about the study in his article.
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Creator: Spano-Szekely, Lauraine, DNP, RN; Winkler, Anne, MA, RN, CCRN; Waters, Cathy, MSN, RN, OCN, NEA-BC; Dealmeida, Susana, MHA, RN-C; Brandt, Kathy, RPh; Williamson, Marsha, MSN, RN-BC, ANP-BC, CCRN-K; Blum, Christina, BSN, RN; Gasper, Lori, BSN, RN; Wright,
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Evidence supports daily bathing using chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) cloths to decrease preventable hospital-acquired central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Using the Grol and Wensing Model of Implementation as a guide, this study examined whether using tailored, multifaceted strategies would improve implementation of daily CHG bathing and decrease CLABSIs in a large neuro ICU. Following implementation, infection rates decreased, and improvements were seen across all process measures. After watching the video, read this article to learn more about strategies to implement evidence, which you can use in your own setting.
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Creator: Marilyn Oermann
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This is the 2nd video in our writing for publication series. Learn about the journal’s Information for Authors and why important, formats for writing different types of manuscripts, and reporting guidelines. The video will prepare you for writing papers about quality improvement and using the SQUIRE guidelines. References and tables/figures also are discussed.
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Nursing home providers face challenges in urinary tract infection assessment and treatment, often prescribing unnecessary antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria. The project tested the effectiveness of the multifaceted Cooper Urinary Tract Infection Program that includes the Cooper tool algorithm, didactic education for providers, and change champions. This Program led to significant improvements in nurse knowledge and reduced rates of urinary tract infections, inappropriate antibiotic treatments, and urinalyses. Learn about this important Program: Dr Cooper presents her Program in this video and describes the study in her article.
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Creator: McNeill, Margaret M. PhD, RN, APRN-CNS, CCRN-K, CCNS, TCRN, CPAN, NE-BC, NHDP-BC, FAAN; Archer, Susan DNP, RN, APRN-CNS, CCRN; Remsburg, Dana MSN, RN, CCRN; Storer, Jill BSN, RN; Rudman, Heather BSN, RN
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Creator: Smith, Catherine V. DNP, RN, CCNS, CCRN; Maduro, Ralitsa S. PhD; Morgan, Merri K. DNP, RN, CCRN; Ver Schneider, Patricia; Rutledge, Carolyn M. PhD, FNP-BC; Zimbro, Kathie S. PhD, RN
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A quiet environment promotes rest and healing but is often challenging to provide in a busy acute care setting. A multidisciplinary team used Lean methods and the Model for Improvement to test interventions for Quiet Time (QT) and used HCAHPS “always quiet” scores as the primary outcome measure. The team instituted nighttime and afternoon QT supported by rounding and scripting, dimming lights, lowering staff voices, offering a sleep menu at night, and replacing noisy wheels. Quiet scores improved on both units after 11 months. You will appreciate the level of noise patients experience in hospitals (watch this video for a demonstration) and learn more about QT intervention – you can implement QT in your settings. Don’t miss this video and article (and get your Continuing Education).
Creator: Schwartz, Franklin, DNP, APRN, PMHNP-BC; Bjorklund, Pamela, PhD, APRN, PMHNP-BC, CNS-BC
Duration: 3:58
In this video, the author describes a violence management program that she and her coauthor piloted on a general medical unit following staff requests for measures to protect them from patient and visitor violence. An independent pre/posttest design measured changes in participant knowledge. The Staff Observation Assessment Scale Revised (SOAS-R) was used for data collection on aggression pre- and postimplementation. The violence management training program included in situ simulation training in de-escalation techniques. Knowledge of de-escalation techniques to reduce violence risk increased. In the article the authors share important lessons for ongoing program implementation.
Creator: Shoqirat, Noordeen, PhD; Mahasneh, Deema, PhD, MSc, RGN; Dardas, Latefa, PhD, PMHN; Singh, Charleen, PhD, MSc, RGN, Neuro-SN; Khresheh, Reham, PhD
Duration: 1:25
The purpose of this study was to qualitatively analyze nursing documentation of pain management among postoperative patients in Jordan. A documentary analysis method was used. A purposive sample of 80 medical records were reviewed, and a total of 720 nursing records were analyzed. The analysis revealed that nurses' documentation of pain management was limited, vague, incomplete, and largely dependent on their subjective evaluation. There also was little documented evidence of efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of pain management interventions. Dr Shoqirat explains the study in this video, and you can learn more about the study in his article.
Creator: Misto, Kara, PhD, RN; Padula, Cynthia, PhD, RN; Bryand, Elizabeth, BSN, RN-BC; Nadeau, Kate, MPH, RN
Duration: 5:16
While there are many benefits of EMR documentation, the presence of a computer may adversely affect provider-patient interaction. The purpose of this project was to examine staff nurses' perception of the impact of electronic documentation in the presence of the patient on the nurse-patient relationship. A survey was administered to 276 staff nurses, and open-ended interviews were conducted with 11 novice and 20 expert nurses. Nurses identified benefits and challenges to EMR documentation and strategies to maintain therapeutic relationships and communication. Dr Misto explains the study in this video and article.
Creator: Siegel, Sharon, RD, LD; Fan, Linlin, PhD; Goldman, Amanda, MS, RD, LD, FAND; Higgins, Joseph, MS, RD, LD; Goates, Scott, PhD, MBA; Partridge, Jamie, PhD, MBA
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Despite its high prevalence, malnutrition in hospitalized patients often goes unrecognized and undertreated. In this initiative nurses screened patients on admission using the Malnutrition Screening Tool and initiated oral nutrition supplements for patients at risk. A review of the medical records of 20 697 adult patients revealed that the average time from hospital admission to oral nutrition supplement initiation was reduced by 20 hours (20.8%), and length of stay also decreased for patients at nutritional risk. Watch this outstanding video to learn about this project and share the article with colleagues: it is open-access.
Creator: Spano-Szekely, Lauraine, DNP, RN; Winkler, Anne, MA, RN, CCRN; Waters, Cathy, MSN, RN, OCN, NEA-BC; Dealmeida, Susana, MHA, RN-C; Brandt, Kathy, RPh; Williamson, Marsha, MSN, RN-BC, ANP-BC, CCRN-K; Blum, Christina, BSN, RN; Gasper, Lori, BSN, RN; Wright,
Duration: 1:09
Learn how this team evaluated their hospital's fall prevention program and decreased their fall rate – watch the video and be sure to read their article. The team used a clinical practice guideline with 7 key practices to develop an individualized fall prevention program with multiple interventions (nurse-driven mobility assessment, purposeful hourly rounding, video monitoring for confused and impulsive fall-risk patients, and others). The fall rate decreased to 1.14, with a 72% expense reduction based on decreased sitter usage.
Creator: Reynolds, Staci Sue, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CCRN, CNRN, SCRN
Duration: 3:56
Evidence supports daily bathing using chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) cloths to decrease preventable hospital-acquired central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Using the Grol and Wensing Model of Implementation as a guide, this study examined whether using tailored, multifaceted strategies would improve implementation of daily CHG bathing and decrease CLABSIs in a large neuro ICU. Following implementation, infection rates decreased, and improvements were seen across all process measures. After watching the video, read this article to learn more about strategies to implement evidence, which you can use in your own setting.
Creator:
Duration: 6:29
Strategies have been identified to establish patient-centered care and improve patient engagement with care. However, the relationship of patient/ family engagement to reduction of harm is not well understood. Dr Schenk, in her first study, identified an opportunity for reducing risk and harm by more actively engaging patients and families in the effort. In another study her team convened a Patient Safety Advisory Panel to explore potential interventions to increase patient/family engagement with safety. The preferred intervention was Speak Up-My Advocate for Patient Safety. Learn about these studies in the video and implications for engaging patients and families in your own settings of care. Be sure to read both articles.
Creator: Marilyn Oermann
Duration:
This is the first video in our writing for publication series. The purpose of the manuscript and intended readers guide your selection of a journal for submission. Learn about directories of nursing and other journals and sending a query email.
Creator: Marilyn Oermann
Duration:
This is the 2nd video in our writing for publication series. Learn about the journal’s Information for Authors and why important, formats for writing different types of manuscripts, and reporting guidelines. The video will prepare you for writing papers about quality improvement and using the SQUIRE guidelines. References and tables/figures also are discussed.
Creator: Marilyn Oermann
Duration:
This is the final video in our writing for publication series. In this video you will get some additional tips on writing your manuscript and will learn about peer review and responding to reviewers’ comments. Other topics include authorship criteria, copyright, open access, and avoiding “predatory journals.”
Creator:
Duration:
Nursing home providers face challenges in urinary tract infection assessment and treatment, often prescribing unnecessary antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria. The project tested the effectiveness of the multifaceted Cooper Urinary Tract Infection Program that includes the Cooper tool algorithm, didactic education for providers, and change champions. This Program led to significant improvements in nurse knowledge and reduced rates of urinary tract infections, inappropriate antibiotic treatments, and urinalyses. Learn about this important Program: Dr Cooper presents her Program in this video and describes the study in her article.
Creator:
Duration:
Learn about this interesting study that used a process evaluation methodology. The aim was to examine the effectiveness of implementing same day discharge (SDD) following percutaneous coronary intervention. During implementation, 22 patients were discharged home the same day. It was found, however, that staff did not follow the guideline consistently, with an overall adherence of 77.3%. The study is important as it provides direction for future improvement both in the criteria and implementation process. After watching this video, be sure to read the article.
Creator:
Duration:
A goal in many health systems is to improve heart failure (HF) core measure (CM) scores. Learn how an interdisciplinary team analyzed the processes in their setting, implemented an accurate reporting system, redesigned the process for identifying patients with HF, and changed the EHR. There was a decrease in readmissions from 12% to 8%, and HF CM compliance score increased from 88% to 100%. increased from 88% to 98%. Watch the video and then be sure to read the full article (for CE)
Creator:
Duration:
Incomplete or inaccurate triage examination in an emergency department can result in delays, which could compromise patient outcomes. Dr. Johnson discusses the outcomes of her study on triage interruptions and how they affect the triage process. A significant difference was seen in triage duration between interrupted and uninterrupted interviews. Understanding the impact of interruptions on patient outcomes allows nurses and other health care providers to develop interventions to mitigate the impact.
Creator:
Duration:
Mr. Yokota and his team investigated the effect of using a fall risk screening tool in an EMR by using data for 25 039 patients in 24 general wards at a large health system in Tokyo. The probability of the occurrence of falls decreased after the tool was implemented, but using the tool did not reduce the actual occurrence of falls. The author summarizes the findings in the video and describes the full study in the article.
Creator:
Duration:
Achieving optimal compliance for bar code medication administration (BCMA) in mature medication use systems is challenging due to the iterative system refinements over time. The author describes a nursing leadership initiative to increase BCMA compliance, measured as a composite across all hospital units. Compliance increased from 95% to 98%, but most importantly, through this initiative, leadership discovered unanticipated benefits and unintended consequences. The methodology used provides valuable insight into effective strategies for BCMA optimization with applicability for other QI initiatives. After watching the video, learn more about the initiative in the article.
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The purpose of this project was to determine whether patients with COPD receiving in-home visits by a nurse practitioner (NP) in a program called Community Cares had fewer hospital encounters such as ED visits, observation stays, and inpatient admissions. With in-home NP visits, inpatient encounters decreased by 71%; ED visits decreased by 68%; and there was an 84% reduction in 30-day readmissions. Learn more about this program (from a patient and NPs). Don’t miss this video and then read the article.
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Two major cost concerns related to joint replacement surgery are patient length of stay (LOS) and 30-day hospital readmission rates. Dr Ashcraft describes a QI project to evaluate the impact of a joint replacement program on patient readmissions and hospital LOS. A total of 1425 patients older than 50 years participated. At the end of the project period, readmission rates decreased from 6.19% to 2.8%, and average LOS decreased from 5.87 days to 2.7 days. After watching the video be sure to read the article. The authors share strategies for adopting this program in your own setting.
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The demand for acute care clinical sites, along with the need to prepare CNLs for a role in health promotion, disease prevention, and population health management, created an opportunity for these authors to expand the CNL role outside of the acute care setting. The goal was to allow CNL students to develop competencies in improving patient and population health. Learn how they developed and implemented the course: after watching the video, read the full article. Be sure to access the supplemental content on strategies for clinical site development for CNL in primary care.
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As part of an outcome improvement initiative in an intermediate ICU at the Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, patients participated in an innovation on the effects of collaborative goal setting and activity tracking through a visual display of the goals achieved. Patients had a high degree of engagement in setting their goals. Displaying patients’ progress had an effect on their quality of life and self-efficacy. Learn more about this project in the video and article: this is a project you can easily implement in your settings, and the authors explain how to do it.
Creator:
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Patient safety checklists are ubiquitous in health care. Nurses bear significant responsibility for ensuring checklist adherence. To report nonadherence to a checklist and stop an unsafe procedure, a workplace climate of psychological safety is needed. The author analyzed organizational data to examine the relationship between psychological safety and reports of nonadherence to the central line bundle checklist. Results showed varied perceptions of psychological safety but no relationship with nonadherence. You will enjoy watching this innovative video and will learn a lot from it (and be sure to also read the article).
Creator:
Duration: 4:31
The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research guided the formative evaluation of the implementation of a redesigned interprofessional team rounding process. The redesigned process was intended to improve health team communication about hospital discharge. Themes emerging from interviews of patients, nurses, and providers revealed the inherent value and positive characteristics of the new process, but also workflow, team hierarchy, and process challenges to successful implementation. The evaluation identified actionable recommendations for modifying the implementation process. Ms. Bahr summarizes the study in this video but be sure to read the full article in JNCQ.
Creator:
Duration: 4:08
Clinical nurse leaders (CNLs) improve care at the microsystem level. Learn about the use of the CNL role in an academic medical center for evaluating pressure ulcer reporting – watch this video and be sure to read the article. The authors used the Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle as the methodology for the study. The CNL assessment of pressure ulcers resulted in a 21% to 50% decrease in the number of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers reported in a 3-month time period. The CNL role has potential for improving the validity and reliability of pressure ulcer reporting.
Creator:
Duration: 4:40
The QSEN RN-BSN Task Force developed recommendation for a systems-based practice competency. Recommendations are to integrate systems-based practice into both education and practice settings. Watch the video and read the article to learn more about this proposed QSEN competency.
Creator:
Duration: 4:11
Learn more about this study to test an intervention to reduce medication omissions without documentation. The authors are using nurse-initiated recall cards and medication chart checking at handover. Watch the video and then read the full article.
Creator:
Duration: 5:57
Telemetry monitoring is a limited resource. This quality improvement project describes a nurse managed telemetry discontinuation protocol to stop telemetry monitoring when it is no longer indicated. After implementing the protocol, data were collected for 6 months and compared to preintervention. There was a mean decrease in telemetry monitor usage and likelihood of remaining on a telemetry monitor until discharge. Learn about this nurse-managed telemetry discontinuation protocol – watch the video and then read the article.
Creator:
Duration: 3:41
Learn about this project to develop and implement a nurse-driven protocol to remove urinary catheters using evidence-based criteria. The specific aim was to decrease average catheter dwell time with the use of a nurse-driven protocol in MICU patients. In this video the author explains the need for the practice change and how she improved care on the unit. After watching the video, be sure to read the article.
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Duration: 7:53
Assessing high risk for falling among psychiatric inpatients is particularly challenging in that assessments with strong sensitivity and specificity are not available. The author explains their study to validate use of the Baptist Health High Risk Falls Assessment (BHHRFA), a medical-surgical fall risk assessment, with a psychiatric inpatient population. Data collected on 5910 psychiatric inpatients using the BHHRFA showed acceptable sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio. After you watch the video, take time to read the article.
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Duration: 4:03
Limited research has been conducted on how nurses perceive “quality nursing care.” The authors conducted focus groups to identify nurses' perceptions of quality care at a Midwestern academic medical center. Transcripts of the focus group sessions were analyzed using thematic analysis techniques, and 11 themes emerged: Leadership, Staffing, Resources, Timeliness, Effective Communication/Collaboration, Professionalism, Relationship-Based Care, Environment/Culture, Simplicity, Outcomes, and Patient Experience. Learn how nurses define quality care: watch the video and read the article.
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Duration: 4:43
The authors developed an evidence-based alarm management strategy and describe their project in this video. The alarm management program reduced alarms up to 30%. Evaluation of patients on continuous cardiac monitoring showed a 3.5% decrease in census. This alarm management strategy has the potential to save $136 500 and 841 hours of registered nurses' time per year. Make sure you read their article too.
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Duration: 6:12
Among hospitalized patients, malnutrition is prevalent yet often overlooked and undertreated. The author implemented a QI program that integrated early nutritional care into the nursing workflow. Nurses screened for malnutrition risk at patient admission and then immediately ordered oral nutritional supplements for those at risk. Supplements were given as regular medications. Pressure ulcer incidence, length of stay, 30-day readmissions, and costs of care were reduced. Watch this video and read the entire article for free: the article is open access so readers can learn about this important QI initiative.
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Duration: 16:32
A multicomponent intervention was attempted in a pediatric emergency department to increase reporting of workplace aggression committed by patients and visitors. Overall reporting decreased from 53% to 47% (p = .06). Reasons for reporting were severity of incident and being asked to report. However, many incidents were not reported. Watch the video and be sure to read the article.
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Duration: 3:18
Dr. Rahn examined the relationships between nursing teamwork and NDNQI outcomes including pressure ulcers, falls, and catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and she found some significant relationships. Improving teamwork in medical-surgical acute care units can transform care and impact the occurrence of preventable adverse outcomes. Watch this video and read the article to understand the importance of teamwork on your unit.
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The authors examined the differences between medical-surgical patients who had a Rapid Response Team Intervention (RRTI) and those who did not. There were 5 significant differences between these 2 groups of patients. Watch this video and read the article to learn more about the effectiveness of the Rapid Response Team in this hospital.
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Duration: 5:48
Many fall prevention strategies exist with some degree of effectiveness. Watch this video and read the article to learn about a staff-driven QI initiative to develop a video in partnership with patients and families to prevent falls when hospitalized. Since the video's release, the fall rate has decreased by 29.4%.
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Duration: 4:54
Dr. Lake and colleagues describe their study on the associations between the NICU work environment, quality of care, safety, and patient outcomes. A secondary analysis was conducted of responses of 1247 NICU staff nurses in 171 hospitals to a large nurse survey. Better work environments were associated with lower odds of nurses reporting poor quality, safety, and outcomes. Improving the work environment may be a promising strategy to achieve safer settings for at-risk newborns.
Creator: Sabrina Orique and Christopher Patty
Duration: 5:08
Watch this video and read the article to learn more about the nature and causes of missed nursing care and how it relates to unit-level nurse workload. This study was conducted in California, which legally mandates nurse staffing ratios. There were no significant relationships between patient turnover and missed nursing care.
Creator: Jennifer Embree
Duration: 2:47
Seasoned nurses frequently resign from their positions due to burnout. An innovative idea that could support nurse retention is nurse sabbaticals. Balanced scorecards with strategy maps can display financial benefit, positive customer experience, and operational and human capital development required to initiate and sustain a professional nurse sabbatical. A balanced scorecard with strategy map is an effective tool that demonstrates connection between the organizational mission and the outcomes of a nurse sabbatical program.
Creator: Erica Lewis
Duration: 4:51
Registered nurse (RN) “second victims” are RNs who are harmed from their involvement in medical errors. This study found a relationship between RN involvement in preventable adverse events and 2 domains of burnout: emotional exhaustion (P = .009) and depersonalization (P = .030). Support to RNs involved in preventable adverse events was inversely related to RN emotional exhaustion (P < .001) and depersonalization (P = .003) and positively related to personal accomplishment (P = .002).
Creator: Dawn Becker
Duration: 2:53
Medication discrepancies occur in 70% of hospital patients, especially during discharge. The author initiated a bag medication reconciliation process in the hospital to decrease medication discrepancies by encouraging evaluation of medication adherence, side effects, and monitoring at posthospitalization follow-up. After implementation, a 7% decrease in reportable errors was noted.
Creator: Susan Hovey
Duration: 4:39
Reducing hospital readmissions is a priority for health care providers and affects Medicare reimbursement. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in readmission rates from long-term care (LTC) to hospitals with the implementation of a training program for LTC nurses. The training did not affect hospital readmissions; however, the organization saw a significant decrease in hospital readmissions after 24 months of data collection.
Creator: Jan Bahle
Duration: 3:12
The goal of an At Risk Care Plan is to improve safety and quality care by proactively anticipating individual needs of patients at risk and to communicate those to the health care team. This innovative intervention has dramatically reduced hospital readmissions, costs, and adverse events for high-risk adult inpatients in a small community hospital.
Creator: Carla Jones
Duration: 3:08
Nurses decreased the rate of CLABSI infections on their medical surgical unit from 3.2 to 0.6 infections per 1000 catheter days by targeting improvement in central line maintenance. They used the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research’s 5 interacting domains to guide their interventions.
Creator: Michelle Kimrey
Duration: 4:04
Learn how this team used team training to reduce falls. The intervention group improved on all measures except teamwork perception. A 60% fall reduction rate was reported in the intervention group. Read more about this study.