Creation and Implementation of a Preoperative Malignant Hyperthermia Screening Tool

Video Author:Johnson, Tirzah DNP, CRNA; Simmons, Virginia C. DNP, CRNA, CHSE-A, FAAN, FAANA; Figer Schwartz, Sharon MNA, CRNA; Tola, Denise H. DNP, CRNA, CHSE

Published on:July 28, 2022

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a potentially lethal pharmacogenetic disorder triggered by certain anesthetic agents. There is currently no standardized preoperative screening tool to identify MH-susceptible individuals. This prospective descriptive QI project evaluated the success of implementing an MH screening tool preoperatively and its impact on the anesthesia plan. A total of 95 patients at site A and 234 patients at site B were screened using the MH tool: 21 patients were positively screened with the anesthetic plan altered. This screening tool has the potential to prevent MH episodes when used consistently by staff.