ARTICLEInnovation in Patient Safety A New Task Design in Reducing Patient FallsTzeng, Huey-Ming PhD, RN; Yin, Chang-Yi MAAuthor Information School of Nursing, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Dr Tzeng); and Department of History, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan (Mr Yin). Corresponding Author: Huey-Ming Tzeng, The University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Division of Nursing Business and Health Systems, 400 North Ingalls Buildings, Room 4156, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 ([email protected] or [email protected]). Accepted for publication: January 13, 2007 Journal of Nursing Care Quality: January 2008 - Volume 23 - Issue 1 - p 34-42 doi: 10.1097/01.NCQ.0000303803.07457.e5 Buy Metrics Abstract This novel study used a human factor engineering approach to improve patient safety and prevent patient falls. We compared the safety levels of 2 task designs to help patients get out of hospital beds: the traditional sitting-standing position and the prone position. It is assumed that when patients' conditions are comparable, using the prone position is safer. When the prone position is used, if patients lose their balance, they will fall back to the surface of beds. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.