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Nursing Strategies to Increase Medication Safety in Inpatient Settings

Bravo, Katherine PhD, RN, CPNP-PC; Cochran, Gary PharmD, SM; Barrett, Ryan MS

doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000181

Using data obtained through 2 multidisciplinary studies focused on medication safety effectiveness, this article provides nursing recommendations to decrease medication delivery errors. Strategies to minimize and address interruptions/distractions are proposed for the 3 most problematic time frames in which medication errors typically arise: medication acquisition, transportation, and bedside delivery. With planned interventions such as programmed scripts and hospital-based protocols to manage interruptions and distractions, patient safety can be maintained in the inpatient setting.

College of Nursing (Dr Bravo), College of Pharmacy (Dr Cochran), University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha. Mr Barrett was affiliated with institute for Clinical Outcomes Research during this study.

Correspondence: Katherine Bravo, PhD, RN, CPNP-PC, College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 (

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Accepted for publication: February 7, 2016

Published ahead of print: March 3, 2016

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