Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for substance use has an impact on morbidity and mortality and health care cost.
Nurses in ambulatory care settings may lack knowledge about evidence-based substance use SBIRT.
A comparison of pre- and postintervention data was performed to determine whether knowledge improved and to identify facilitators and barriers to SBIRT implementation.
Nurses completed an online self-paced program focusing on alcohol and drug use screening, motivational interviewing used in a brief intervention, and referral to specialty treatment.
Postintervention knowledge scores increased (P < .001). Facilitator and barrier themes included time, education, resources, receptivity, and interprofessional collaboration.
The implementation of the SBIRT online program was feasible for nurses to complete during work hours and resulted in increased SBIRT-related knowledge.