Frontline nurse engagement in quality improvement (QI) improves nurse-sensitive outcomes; yet research suggests frontline nurses are not engaging in QI.
The purpose of this study was to develop, refine, and psychometrically evaluate the Nursing Quality Improvement in Practice (N-QuIP) tool to measure nurses' competency, engagement, and barriers/facilitators to QI engagement.
Item development was guided by an expert panel and literature review. Factor analysis and reliability indices were assessed through 681 surveys completed by nurses at one medical center.
Cronbach α coefficients were 0.97 (Skill Scale) and 0.90 (Attitude Scale). Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 (KR-20) for knowledge was 0.36. Exploratory factor analysis identified 4 (Skill) and 3 (Attitude) subscales respectively, aligning well with QI competencies.
Preliminary data suggest that the N-QuIP is a valid and reliable tool for assessing nurse QI competence and engagement. Understanding current knowledge, skills, and attitudes and identified barriers/facilitators can help the development of strategies aimed at increasing QI engagement.