Hospitalized medical-surgical patients
are at risk for adverse health outcomes due to immobility. Despite well-documented consequences, low mobility is prevalent.
In a 547-bed hospital, medical-surgical patients
were mobilized less frequently than expected. Physical therapists were inappropriately consulted 22% of the time for routine mobility of patients. A preimplementation survey of registered nurses indicated a lack of knowledge and confidence to safely mobilize patients.
This quality improvement project implemented a nurse-led mobility program
in an effort to increase early mobilization
, reduce physical therapy
referrals for routine mobility, and reduce the sequelae of immobility.
The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool and standardized interventions were implemented on 5 medical-surgical units.
Postimplementation, nurse-led patient mobilizations increased by 40%, inappropriate physical therapy
orders decreased 14%, and no significant change in patient falls or pressure injuries was noted.
A nurse-led mobility program
was effective in increasing safe, early mobilization
of patients and improving the culture of mobility.