ArticlesFactors Associated With Removal of Urinary Catheters After SurgeryRead, Catherine Y. PhD, RN; Shindul-Rothschild, Judith PhD, RN; Flanagan, Jane PhD, RN, ANP-BC, AHN-BC; Stamp, Kelly D. PhD, RN, ANP-C, CHFN, FAHAAuthor Information William F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. Correspondence: Catherine Y. Read, PhD, RN, William F. Connell School of Nursing, 140 Commonwealth Ave, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Matt Gregas, PhD, Research Services at Boston College, provided statistical consultation. Alexandra Zaworski, Mary Claire Connor, Dana Cassidy, and Amy Lu, Research Fellows at Boston College, assisted with data entry.The authors declare no conflict of interest.Accepted for publication: June 26, 2017Published ahead of print: August 24, 2017 Journal of Nursing Care Quality: January/March 2018 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 - p 29-37 doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000287 Buy Metrics Abstract Publicly available data from the Centers for Medicaid & Medicare Services were used to analyze factors associated with removal of the urinary catheter within 48 hours after surgery in 59 Massachusetts hospitals. Three factors explained 36% of the variance in postoperative urinary catheter removal: fewer falls per 1000 discharges, better nurse-patient communication, and higher percentage of Medicare patients. Timely urinary catheter removal was significantly greater in hospitals with more licensed nursing hours per patient day. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.