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Rates of Nursing Errors and Handoffs-Related Errors in a Medical Unit Following Implementation of a Standardized Nursing Handoff Form

Zou, Xiang-Jun BSN, RN; Zhang, Yin-Ping PhD

doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000133

A standardized nursing handoff form was designed and implemented to improve handoff process, and rates of nursing errors were measured to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. This study was a prospective intervention study, using 1-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, conducted on an inpatient medical unit. The rates of nursing errors decreased from 9.2 (95% confidence interval, 8.0-10.3) to 5.7 (95% confidence interval, 5.1-6.9) per 100 admissions (P < .001), comparing the pre- and postintervention periods.

Medical Department, The Fourth People's Hospital of Shaanxi Province, Xi'an, PR China (Ms Zou); and Faculty of Nursing (Dr Zhang), Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center (Ms Zou), Xi'an, PR China.

Correspondence: Yin-Ping Zhang, PhD, Faculty of Nursing, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, No. 76, West Yanta Rd, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, PR China (

The authors do not have any conflicts of interest.

Accepted for publication: April 10, 2015

Published ahead of print: June 1, 2015

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