Registered nurse (RN) “second victims” are RNs who are harmed from their involvement in medical errors. This study used the conceptual model nurse experience of medical errors and found a relationship between RN involvement in preventable adverse events and 2 domains of burnout: emotional exhaustion (P = .009) and depersonalization (P = .030). Support to RNs involved in preventable adverse events was inversely related to RN emotional exhaustion (P < .001) and depersonalization (P = .003) and positively related to personal accomplishment (P = .002).
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Department of Nursing, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia (Dr Lewis); School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond (Dr Baernholdt); Department of Public Health Sciences (Dr Yan), and Center for Survey Research (Dr Guterbock), University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Correspondence: Erica J. Lewis, PhD, RN, Department of Nursing, James Madison University, 800 S. Main St, Harrisonburg, VA 22807 (Lewisej@jmu.edu).
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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Accepted for publication: July 3, 2014
Published online before print: August 21, 2014