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Staff-Developed Infection Prevention Program Decreases Health Care–Associated Infection Rates in Pediatric Critical Care

Aljeesh, Yousef I. PhD, RN; Alkariri, Naeem MSN, RN; Abusalem, Said PhD, RN; Myers, John A. PhD, MSPH; Alaloul, Fawwaz PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000079
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The health care team identified the causes of health care–associated infections (HAI) and developed interventions in a pediatric intensive care unit in Gaza. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. All 26 full-time staff members in the pediatric intensive care unit participated. The HAI rate decreased significantly from the first to the second year following the implementation of the intervention (208 vs 120.55, odds ratio: 3.21, 95% confidence interval: 1.87-5.11; P < .001).

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School of Nursing, Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza, Palestinian NA (Dr Aljeesh and Mr Alkariri); and School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky (Drs Abusalem, Myers, and Alaloul).

Correspondence: Said Abusalem, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, University of Louisville, 555 S. Floyd St, Louisville, KY 40209 (skabus01@louisville.edu).

This pilot study supported by a grant from the Islamic University Research Office.

The authors thank Dr. Lynne Hall and Maryam Alaradi, PhD Candidate, for their help and support in writing this manuscript.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jncqjournal.com).

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Accepted for publication: June 22, 2014

Published ahead of print: July 31, 2014

© 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins