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Improving Deep Vein Thrombosis Prophylaxis With Mechanical Modalities in Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Restrepo, Paula BSN, RN; Jameson, Deborah L. MS, RN; Carroll, Diane L. PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000075

Deep vein thrombosis remains a source of adverse outcomes in surgical patients. Deep vein thrombosis is preventable with prophylactic intervention. The success of noninvasive mechanical modalities for prophylaxis relies on compliance with correct application. The goals of this project were to create a guideline that reflected current evidence and expert thinking about mechanical modalities use, assess compliance with mechanical modalities, and develop strategies to disseminate an evidence-based guideline for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis.

Patient Care Services (Ms Restrepo), Treadwell Library (Ms Jameson), and Institute for Patient Care, Yvonne L. Munn Center for Nursing Research (Dr Carroll), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Correspondence: Diane L. Carroll, PhD, RN, Yvonne L. Munn Center for Nursing Research, POB 430, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114 (

This project was funded by the Yvonne L. Munn Nursing Research Award, Patient Care Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, and was supported by the Clinical Translational Science Award (UL1RR025758) to Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital from the National Center for Research Resources. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the National Center for Research Resources or the National Institutes of Health.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Accepted for publication: May 22, 2014

Published ahead of print: July 2, 2014

© 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins