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Frequently Observed Risk Factors for Fall-Related Injuries and Effective Preventive Interventions: A Multihospital Survey of Nurses' Perceptions

Tzeng, Huey-Ming PhD, RN, FAAN; Yin, Chang-Yi MA

doi: 10.1097/NCQ.0b013e3182780037

There is an urgent need to prioritize the risk factors for injurious falls and effective interventions in nursing practice. Registered nurses perceived that the most frequently observed risk factors were confusion, gait problems, Alzheimer disease, disorientation, and inability to follow safety instructions. The most effective interventions were keeping hospital bed brakes locked, keeping floor surfaces clean/dry, using appropriate footwear for patients, maintaining a call light within reach, and reducing tripping hazards.

College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane (Dr Tzeng); and Department of History, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan (Mr Yin).

Correspondence: Huey-Ming Tzeng, PhD, RN, FAAN, College of Nursing, Washington State University, 103 E Spokane Falls Blvd, Spokane, WA 99210 (

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Accepted for publication: October 8, 2012

Published online before print: October 31, 2012

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.