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Initiation and Evaluation of a Research-Based Fall Prevention Program

Mosley, Amy MEd, RN; Galindo-Ciocon, Daisy PhD, ARNP; Peak, Norma RN; West, Myrion Jo MSN, RN

Journal of Nursing Care Quality: December 1998 - Volume 13 - Issue 2 - p 38-44
The Clinical Impact Of Cost Reduction

This study evaluated the effectiveness of research-based interventions in preventing falls. The interventions were based on research studies, experts' opinions, and a pilot study. Thirteen units (72 %) had reduced fall rates. The fall rate two years before (O = 7.07; SD = 1.7) and two years after (O = 6.33; SD = 1.731) the intervention was significantly different at p < 0.003. Sixteen patients who fell were at risk (fall assessment score = 17.4 +/−5.3) and had a history of falls. The most common site for falls was at the bedside. Most falls occurred during walking, climbing over the siderails and accidentally rolling out of bed. Thus, a research-based fall prevention is effective in reducing falls.

Chief Nurse/Assistant Professor; Nursing Service (Mosley)

Nurse Researcher/Assistant Professor; Nursing Service (Galindo-Ciocon)

Staff Nurse; Nursing Service; Veterans Affair Medical Center; Miami, Florida (Peak)

SC I Service Line Manager; Veterans Integrated Service Network; Department of Veterans Affairs; West Roxbury, Massachusetts (West)

Copyright © 1998 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.