To evaluate the colposcopic accuracy according to the International Federation for Cervical Pathology and Colposcopy
(IFCPC) 2002 terminology.
Materials and Methods.
A series of 3,040 women derived from a general population were screened by means of Pap smear, unaided visual inspection, and high-risk human papillomavirus testing. All colposcopic examination results with abnormal findings and with biopsy confirmation (n
= 468) were recorded, reviewed by 2 blinded colposcopists according to the IFCPC nomenclature, and included in this analysis.
The IFCPC terminology was easily reproduced by the 2 observers with excellent interobserver agreement (κ =.843). Colposcopy
had a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 30.3% in distinguishing healthy cervix from that with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
(CIN)/carcinoma. In distinguishing healthy cervix/low-grade lesions (CIN 1) from that with high-grade lesions (CIN 2/3)/carcinoma, colposcopy
had a sensitivity of 61.1% and a specificity of 94.4%. Colposcopic findings graded as major changes
had the highest positive predictive value for detecting high-grade lesion/carcinoma. The colposcopic abnormalities within the transformation zone and large lesions were more closely related to high-grade lesion/carcinoma, whereas a sharp outer border, multiple colposcopic abnormalities, and iodine negativity were not statistically related to severe lesions.
using the new IFCPC classification is a potentially effective screening method; when used for diagnosis, a histological sampling is necessary. The categorization of major changes
and minor changes
is appropriate. It is important to describe the lesion localization in relation to the transformation zone and the lesion size because these characteristics are related to high-grade lesions.