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A Brief History of Lower Genital Tract Screening

O'Connor, Dennis M. MD

Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease: July 2007 - Volume 11 - Issue 3 - p 182-188
doi: 10.1097/01.lgt.0000245048.60341.3f
Review Article
Spanish Translation

Abstract: The history of lower genital tract screening covers discoveries that occurred in the middle of the last century and involves methodologies (cytologic and noncytologic techniques) that, for decades, were independently used by different global regions. At present, cytologic testing has become an initial screening test, and noncytologic testing (colposcopy and iodine application) has evolved into the secondary diagnostic test for selected individuals. In the future, tests that are less subjective and more specific may enhance or eventually replace these methodologies, whereas prevention may become as important as screening.

The history of lower genital tract screening follows two parallel paths (cytologic and non-cytologic) that have evolved into the methodogy we use today.

Clinical Pathology Associates, Louisville, KY

Correspondence to: Dennis M. O'Connor, MD, CPA Lab, 4001 Dutchmans Lane, Suite 5C, Louisville, KY 40207. E-mail:

The following represents the opinion of the author and does not represent those of Norton Healthcare or its affiliate institutions.

©2007The American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology