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The Bartholin Gland Cyst: Past, Present, and Future

Marzano, David A. MD; Haefner, Hope K. MD

Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease: July 2004 - Volume 8 - Issue 3 - p 195-204
Original Articles

Bartholin gland cysts account for 2% of all gynecologic visits per year. The treatment of Bartholin gland cysts has evolved from a complicated, bloody procedure requiring general anesthesia to, most recently, a simple puncture of the cyst and placement of a drain performed in the office. Although treatments for Bartholin gland cysts seem simple on the surface, recurrent cysts as well as diagnosing simple cysts versus abscesses versus malignant tumors can complicate treatment for this common problem. This article exams a history of the treatment of Bartholin gland cysts, including the use of the traditional treatments of excision, fistulization, marsupialization, as well as cauterization with carbon dioxide laser and silver nitrate. Modern variations are discussed, including the use of hydrodissection for excision, as well as the application of magnetic resonance imaging use in devising treatment for recurrent cysts.

Comprehensive review of Bartholin gland cysts, including traditional treatment modalities and applications of modern technology for diagnosis and treatment.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Reprint requests to: David A. Marzano, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Michigan Hospitals, L 4000 Women's Hospital, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.

©2004The American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology