Reducing salt intake has a significant correlation to the decreased of blood pressure. Based on previous study, hypertensive patients in Jatinangor have a good knowledge about the correlation between salt intake and hypertension. However, the actual salt intake rate in Jatinangor is still high. It suggests the discrepancy between knowledge and salt intake reduction behavior in patients. Based on that phenomenon, this study was conducted to found out the obstacles that are faced by hypertensive patients in Jatinangor in practicing salt intake reduction.
Qualitative descriptive study with phenomenology approach through focus group discussion (FGD) method was conducted. Thirteen hypertensive patients selected by purposive sampling in accordance to research objective. The research was conducted in two villages in Jatinangor which is Cipacing and Cilayung Village during February-May 2017.
All the informants have tried to reduce salt intake and most of them know the correlation between salt consumption and hypertension. However, informants’ knowledge to salt intake recommendations is still low. Furthermore, informants do not really feel the direct benefit from salt intake reduction towards their body; lack of self-motivation and high salt taste threshold are hampering their intention to reduce salt intake. Informants also expressed the lack of support either from family, social environment and health care personnel.
Hypertensive patients in Jatinangor have obstacles in reducing salt intake. These obstacles are caused by internal factors such as knowledge and self-perception of hypertension as well as salt intake reduction; and external factors such as family, social and health care personnel.
1Faculty of Medicine
2Department of Public Health
3Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology
4Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Padjadjaran University / Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, Indonesia