Hypertension continues to be a problem in public health for both developing and developed countries due to its complications which increase the mortality rate. According to Riskesdas 2013, the national prevalence of hypertension rate for people aged ≥18 is 25,8%. In Jakarta itself, the rate reached until 20%.
To find the prevalence, general characteristics, risk factors and complications related to hypertension in emergency room Christian University of Indonesia Hospital in 2017.
Cross-sectional method is applied to analyze data from medical record on January - December 2017 by using consecutive sampling. The variables are general characteristics (age, gender, hypertension level), risk factors (smoking history, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, obesity), and complications (cerebrovascular disease, heart disease, kidney disease). The criteria for hypertension diagnosis are according to JNC VIII, 2013.
There are 416 people had hypertension history with average age 61. Among those, 53,4% people were females and males are 46,6%. The most common hypertension level is stage 2 36,3%, stage 1 is 32%, hypertensive emergencies 14,9%, controlled hypertension 8,9%, hypertensive urgency 7,9%. The risk factors found are smoking history 56%, diabetes mellitus 45,4%, dyslipidemia 51,9% and body mass index were overweight 54,8%. The complications such as cerebrovascular disease are found 21,6%, heart disease 40,9% and kidney disease 33,2%.
Hypertension are commonly found in adult and females. Smoking history, overweight and dyslipidemia still the leading role risk factors for hypertension disease, and the most target organ damage was found related to hypertension are heart disease.
1Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine; Christian University of Indonesia Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia