Hypertension is one of the emerging major health problems in the world. Together with obesity, hyperuricemia and hypertriglyceridemia they can cause deathly complications. The importance of improving primary intervention for cardiovascular risk factors is related to the effort of preventing and limiting the disease progression.
The aim of this study was to determine whether primary prevention in improving knowledge on cardiovascular risk factors and physical activity would have positive results in reducing cardiovascular risk factor of farmers population in Batu.
This research was an interventional pre and post test study conducted on 67 subjects (Men 7; Women 60) aged 26 to 75. Blood pressure measurements, anthropometry examination and blood sampling of triglyceride, and uric acid was performed to the subjects. The subjects did heart exercise in 60 minutes, 2 times a week for 3 months and received health counseling and education about hypertension, obesity, smoking habit, diabetes mellitus and balanced nutrition. After the intervention, the same examination was performed again to the subjects. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test was used to evaluate pre and post results of this study.
From 67 observed subjects, there were decrease in systolic blood pressure 125.01 ± 19.82 mmHg to 118.51 ± 13.06 mmHg (p = 0.000); diastolic blood pressure decreased from 81.09 ± 11.31 mmHg to 76.49 ± 10.37 mmHg (p = 0.000); Uric acid decreased from 23.92 ± 7.43 mg/dL to 31.93 ± 3.83 mg/dL (p = 0.000); Body Mass Index decreased from 26.72 ± 4.10 mg/dL to 26.52 ± 4.23 mg/dL (p = 0.131); The value of triglyceride from 129.57 ± 101.22 mg/dL to 134.27 ± 88.84 mg/dL (p = 0.498).
The result of this study prove that primary prevention in improving knowledge on cardiovascular risk factors and physical activity tend to reduce BMI and could significantly reduce systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and uric acid of farmers population in Batu.
1Academic Hospital University of Brawijaya, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
2Malang Molecular Biology Institute
3Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brawijaya University - dr. Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang East Java, Indonesia
4Center Study of Degenerative Disease, University of Brawijaya