Correspondence to Professor Michel Burnier, Service of Nephrology and Hypertension, Rue du Bugnon 17, Lausanne 1011, Switzerland. E-mail: email@example.com
Abbreviations: ABI, ankle–brachial index; ABPM, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; ACE, angiotensin-converting enzyme; ACEi, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ACR, albumin:creatinine ratio; ARB, angiotensin receptor blocker; BP, blood pressure; bpm, beats per minute; BSA, body surface area; CAD, coronary artery disease; CKD, chronic kidney disease; CVD, cardiovascular disease; DHP, dihydropyridine; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; ESC, European Society of Cardiology; ESH, European Society of Hypertension; HbA1c, Haemoglobin A1c; HBPM, home blood pressure monitoring; HDL-C, HDL-cholesterol; HFpEF, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; HFrEF, heart failure with reduced ejection fraction; HMOD, hypertension-mediated organ damage; IMT, intima–media thickness; LDLC, LDL cholesterol; LEAD, lower extremity artery disease; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy; MAP, mean arterial pressure; MI, myocardial infarction; MR, magnetic resonance; MRA, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist; MUCH, masked uncontrolled hypertension; NTproBNP; N-terminal pro-B natriuretic peptide; o.d., omni die (every day); PAC, plasma aldosterone concentration; PAD, peripheral artery disease; PRA, plasma renin activity; PRC, plasma renin concentration; PWV, pulse wave velocity; RAS, renin–angiotensin system; RCT, randomized controlled trial; RWT, relative wall thickness; SPC, single-pill combination; SUCH, sustained uncontrolled hypertension; TIA, transient ischaemic attack; WUCH, white-coat uncontrolled hypertension
† Professor Zanchetti died during the development of these Guidelines, in March 2018. He contributed fully to the redaction of these Guidelines, as a member of the Guidelines’ Task Force and as a section co-ordinator. He will be sadly missed by colleagues and friends.
Received 5 September, 2018
Accepted 11 September, 2018
ESH Practice Guidelines Writing Task Force: Michel Burnier, Sverre E. Kjeldsen, Guido Grassi, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Gianfranco Parati, Reinhold Kreutz, Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Bryan Williams, Giuseppe Mancia.
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