aDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology and Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus
bOkinawa Health Promotion Foundation, Okinawa, Japan
Correspondence to Akio Ishida, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology and Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan. Tel: +81 98 895 1150; fax: +81 98 895 1416; e-mail: [email protected]
Abbreviations: ABI, ankle--brachial index; baPWV, brachial--ankle pulse wave velocity; CI, confidence intervals; DM, diabetes mellitus; ECG-LVH, electrocardiography-determined left ventricular hypertrophy; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; ESRD, end-stage renal disease; HbA1c, hemoglobinA1c; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HR; heart rate; LDL; low-density lipoprotein; LVH; left ventricular hypertrophy; MAC; medial arterial calcification; MAP, mean arterial pressure; ORs, odds ratios; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; PP, pulse pressure; SD, standard deviation
Received 6 December, 2019
Revised 26 April, 2020
Accepted 13 May, 2020
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