The main objective is to assess the appropriate level of achieved SBP and DBP to prevent cardiovascular events.
We used the National Sample Cohort from the National Health Insurance Service in Korea and analyzed data of 44 462 hypertensive patients aged 20--84 years. Achieved SBP and DBP were categorized according to average achieved SBP (<120, 120–129, 130–139, 140–149, and ≥150 mmHg) and DBP (<70, 70–79, 80–89, 90–99, and ≥100 mmHg). We examined the association between achieved BP and composite outcome including cardiovascular death, admission of stroke, myocardial infarction, or heart failure, and all-caused death in elderly aged more than 65 years and in younger patients.
After a median follow-up of 6.8 years, achieved SBP less than 120 mmHg and at least 150 mmHg in elderly and younger patients, respectively, were significantly associated with a higher risk of composite outcome than achieved SBP of 120–129 mmHg. Cox's proportional hazard analysis showed that the association between achieved SBP and risk of composite outcome and all-cause death had U-shaped relationships and identified a nadir of SBP of 135.6 and 128.9 mmHg, respectively, for composite outcome and 135.1 and 131.4 mmHg, respectively, for all-cause death in elderly and younger patients.
Compared with SBP of 120–129 mmHg, not only low achieved SBP of less than 120 mmHg but also high BP are associated with risk of adverse cardiovascular event and all-cause death in both elderly and younger patients with a distinct U-shaped relationship.