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PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN PATIENTS WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME IN THE IBERICAN STUDY

Cinza-Sanjurjo, S.1; Freire, S., Yáñez2; Fernández, J., García3; Sánchez, R., López4; Cepas, F., Leiva5; Rodríguez, R., Abad6; Aldana, D., Rey7; Alcaine, J., Esturo8; Castro, R., Piedra9; García, J., Polo10

Journal of Hypertension: June 2018 - Volume 36 - Issue - p e26
doi: 10.1097/01.hjh.0000539032.46555.56
ORAL SESSION 3D: OBESITY AND METABOLIC SYNDROME: PDF Only
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Objective: The general objectives of IBERICAN are to determine the prevalence and incidence of cardiovascular risk factors in Spain, as well as cardiovascular events. The objective of the present work is to analyze the presence of cardiovascular disease in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS)

Design and method: IBERICAN is a longitudinal, observational, and multicenter study in which patients from 18 to 85 years of age are included in Primary Care consultations in Spain, until a sample of 7,000 patients is collected, which will be followed for at least 5 years. The basal characteristics of the cut are presented (n = 6.007). The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) was defined according to the criteria of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force. Patients were classified in secondary prevention when they presented ischemic heart disease, heart failure, stroke or peripheral arterial disease.

Results: The average age of the subjects included was 57.4 ± 15.5 years, and 54.5% were women. 38.2% met MS criteria. Patients with MS were older (62.4 ± 12.9 years vs. 54.2 ± 16.1 years, p < 0.001) and with a lower percentage of women (50.7% vs. 56.8%, p < 0.001). The prevalence of cardiovascular disease was higher in patients with MS (21.8% vs 13.1%, p < 0.001). Ischemic heart disease (9.8% vs 5.3%, p < 0.001), peripheral arterial disease (6.8% vs 3.7%, p < 0.001) and heart failure (5.4% vs 1.8%, p < 0.001) were more frequent in patients with MS. Stroke (4.7% vs. 3.2%, p = 0.267) and retinopathy (0.7% vs. 0.3%, p = 0.281) did not reach statistically significant differences

Conclusions: cardiovascular disease prevalence is higher in patients with MS, which gives them an extra cardiovascular risk

1C.S. Porto do Son, EOXI Santiago de Compostela, Spain

2C.S. A Estrada, EOXI Santiago de Compostela, Spain

3C.S. Pola de Siero, Asturias, Spain

4C.S. Dr. Morante, Santander, Spain

5Consult. Villarrubia, Córdoba, Spain

6C.S. Pola de Siero, Asturias, Spain

7C.S. A Estrada, EOXI Santiago de Compostela, Spain

8UGC Montealegre, Cádiz, Spain

9C.S. Azuqueca Henares, Guadalajara, Spain

10C.S. Casar de Cáceres, Cáceres, Spain

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