Smoking is one of the risk factors for hypertension. Smoking habit in Indonesia is among the worst all over the world. The prevalence of hypertension in Jatinangor sub-district, Sumedang Regency is 37.8% and much higher than the prevalence of hypertension both in Indonesia (25.8%) and West Java (29.4%). This study was conducted to determine whether smoking, either active or passive smokers, was the significant risk factor for the presence of hypertension in Jatinangor.
This study is an analytic cross sectional design. Data was collected through interview and physical examination on 3 villages in Jatinangor in 2014, as a part of ‘Epidemiology if Hypertension and Albuminuria in Jatinangor’ study. The variables were smoking status, blood pressure status, and other demographic information. Chi-square analysis was use to analyse.
A total of 898 subjects were collected. The prevalence of hypertension among active smokers was 34.9%, and among passive smokers was 40.1%, and among non-smokers was 25%. The analysis using chi-square showed no significant association (p value 0.195) between smoking and hypertension, and that result did not change after stratification based on sex, age group, and area of living.
Smoking, either active or passive smoker, is not a significant risk factor that contributes to the number of hypertension in Jatinangor.