To compare the effects of aerobic and resistance training on QOL and functional capacity in hypertensive women.
Randomized clinical trial conducted at Hypertension League Federal University of Goias - Brazil. Sample: hypertensive women, ≥ 50 years, non-participants in exercise programs, satisfactory treadmill test (Bruce protocol) and with a minimum 6-month treatment. Subdivided: aerobic group (GA) (n = 21) and resistance group (GR) (n = 20). Interventions: 2 months (2x/week) of aerobic exercise (walking) and resistance training. Intensity of aerobic group: mild to moderate (4 to 7 of Borg Scale adjusted). Resistance: up to 60% of 1 RM Bench Press Test. Two series of 12 to 15 repetitions. Before and after the intervention was applied WHOQOL-bref to evaluate QOL, the SF-36 for HRQOL and Walk Test Six minutes (WT6’) to measure the functional capacity.
Initially the groups were homogeneous regarding clinical, anthropometric, sociodemographic and WT6’ (p ≥ 0.05). The groups were also homogeneous in WHOQOL-bref scores except on the psychological and personal domains, and the GR had higher scores on these aspects. On SF-36, the groups were different at the beginning only at physical aspects, and the GA presented higher score in this domain. After intervention, there was a significant improvement in all WHOQOL-bref domains in GA and at GR the improvement ocurred only in physical aspects. Regarding SF-36 there was a significant improvement in 7 of 8 domains at GA (exception for mental health). At GR, were observed similar results. There were no changes in weight, body mass index, waist circunference, blood pressure and heart rate after the intervention. (p ≥ 0.05). There was an increase at functional capacity (longer distance on WT6’ - p ≤ 0.001) in both groups.
The two types of EF, promoted beneficial effects in different magnitudes in QOL, similar in HRQOL and functional capacity. These results suggest that, according the focus and objectives established, both exercises can be effective as a treatment strategy in search of better QOL in hypertensive woman.