To compare the effects of a calcium antagonist (amlodipine) and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (lisinopril) on left ventricular mass and diastolic function in elderly, previously untreated hypertensives.
A double-blind randomized parallel group trial. Effects of amlodipine and lisinopril on left ventricular mass and diastolic function (E/A Ratio) (The ELVERA trial).
Rural northern Netherlands: population screening new diagnosed hypertensive subjects.
The study population comprised 166 newly diagnosed hypertensive (aged 60–75) with diastolic blood pressure between 95–115 mmHg and/or systolic blood pressure between 160–220 mmHg.
Patients were randomly allocated to receive 5–10 mg amlodipine or 10–20 mg lisinopril for 2 years.
Main outcome measures
Prior and after 1 and 2 years of treatment left ventricular mass, indexed by body surface (LVMI) was estimated by 2-D mode echocardiography according to Devereux with use of Penn convention. Early to atrial filling ratio (E/A) was assessed by transmitral flow. Change from baseline of LVMI and E/A ratio was evaluated by repeated measurement analysis of the treatment effect in an intention-to-treat analysis.
Both amlodipine and lisinopril led to equivalent reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. At the end of the study the amlodipine group led to LVMI decrease by 21.8 g/m ≤ [95% confidence interval (CI), 18.3–25.3] and E/A ratio increased by 0.08 (95% CI, 0.05–0.11). In the lisinopril group LVMI decreased by 22.4 g/m ≤ (95%, CI, 19.0–25.8) and E/A ratio increased by 0.07 (95% CI, 0.04–0.10). No statistically significant differences were found in changes in LVMI and E/A ratio between amlodipine and lisinopril.
A long-term study, the ELVERA trial proves that amlodipine and lisinopril reduce left ventricular mass and improve diastolic function to a similar extent in elderly newly diagnosed hypertensive patients.