The human angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene is a candidate genetic locus for stroke because of the importance of the renin-angiotensin system to the development of cardiovascular disease. In the present study, the association between ACE gene deletion/insertion (D/l) polymorphism and the presence or absence of ischaemic stroke was evaluated and possible associations between ACE gene polymorphism and certain subgroups of stroke were investigated.
Materials and methods
DNA samples from 585 unselected suspected stroke patients admitted to the Acute Stroke Unit, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, and from 188 age- and sex-matched controls were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction.
There was no evidence of any association between ACE gene polymorphism and the presence of ischaemic stroke except in the subgroup containing only hypertensive patients, where the odds ratio of a DD genotype for ischaemic stroke was just significantly greater than 1 (odds ratio 2.51, 95% confidence interval 1.06, 5.94). There was no significant association between ACE genotype and the stroke subgroups investigated.
The DD genotype may not be a risk factor for stroke, particularly in the normotensive population. Further study in a strictly controlled population is required to test for the possibility of an increased risk of stroke in hypertensives with DD homozygotes.
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