Original papers: PDF OnlyDistinct plasma atrial natriuretic factor, renin and aldosterone responses to prolonged high-salt intake in hypertensive and normotensive ratsWidimský, Ji?í; Kuchel, Otto; Tremblay, Johanne; Hamet, Pavel Author Information From the Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, Hotel-Dieu Hospital and University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Journal of Hypertension 9(3):p 241-242, March 1991. Buy Abstract Five weeks of high (8%) sodium intake, resulting in a decline of plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and Wistar rats, did not affect plasma ANF in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) which became severely hypertensive. Regardless of salt consumption, SHR presented more pronounced glomerular particulate guanylate cyclase activation after large ANF doses in vitro than normotensive rats. In response to salt loading, plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma aldosterone unexpectedly increased in SHR, in contrast to their decrease in the normotensive strains. Thus, SHR fail to react to prolonged high-salt intake as do normotensive rats, i.e. by a fall in plasma ANF, PRA and plasma aldosterone, and have higher stimulated glomerular particulate guanylate cyclase activity. Thus, ANF and its target response in SHR, as well as the PRA-plasma aldosterone reaction to prolonged salt loading, are distinct from those in normotensive strains. Since the relatively increased ANF and its target action in SHR appear to be a reactive antihypertensive defense rather than a primary event, systems other than ANF probably play an important role in the high salt-induced accelerated hypertension of SHR. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.